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How to Tile a Bathroom Walls and Floors?

Well, you want to know how to tile a bathroom walls and floors?

You will have to do some planning first, and then get down to the hard work!

Once you have decided on what you sort of tiles you want, the next step is to figure out how many tiles you need. To do this, you can calculate the area that you need to tile and divide it by the area of one tile, adding at least 10% for cutting and breakages.

Tools to Tile a Bathroom

Before knowing how to tile a bathroom, you need to know what other materials and tools you need besides tiles. You will need a score-and-snap cutter; an adjustable hole cutter with a drill, for neat holes around pipes; a tile saw to cut curves, with a tile file to smooth the cut edges. For thick floor tiles, you may need an angle grinder with a masonry disk. You will need adhesive and grout. They are normally in powder form and you mix them into paste with water, a little at a time. A good idea is grout protector, so that your grouting doesn’t discolor afterward.

To use these materials you will need an adhesive spreader, with a notched edge for walls and floor, the notches to make a rough surface in the adhesive for the tiles to stick more effectively; a grout spreader with a rubber blade to press the grout into place and scrape off over spill from the tiles; a grout shape to make a nice, smooth finish; a silicon sealant to waterproof between tiles and work surfaces, bath, basin, toilet and wall & floor joint; spacers to go between the tiles, whatever thickness you prefer; a chalk line to mark where you are going to start your floor tiling, some straight wooden battens, and a spirit level and straightedge to keep checking for flatness and straightness.

How to Tile a Bathroom Walls?

Now we get to the serious part of how to tile a bathroom walls. First of all prepare your surfaces. Strip off old tiles or wall paper and smooth the surface then rub down with abrasive paper to provide a ‘key’ to help the tiles grip.

Clean painted surfaces, then sand down. New plaster must be sealed with 5 parts water to 1 part PVA. Floors should be stripped smoothed and painted with a floor primer if they are porous.

After preparation is done, start with the walls, select a place, a little off the ground and nail a horizontal batten to the wall. Then a little way from one corner, fasten your vertical batten. Apply adhesive with the spreader, making grooves with the serrated edge until you have covered about 10sq ft (1sq m) at a time. Place the first tile in the right angle provided by the two battens and the second next to it, with the spacer flat between the two top corners.

Continue in the same way along the batten and up, checking straightness and evenness. Leave your tiled area to dry at least 12 hours before you remove the battens. Don’t fill in the missing cut tiles below until the floor is finished. Do all your wall surfaces the same way.

For tiling around obstacles, cut out squares of paper the same size as the tiles, then position them where the tile would go near the obstacle and mark in pen where the tile needs to be cut and use this paper as a template to mark and cut the tile. Use edge trim at corners, cutting the trim to length and fasten with adhesive then position the tiles under the trim’s support arm, remembering to match up the tiles on both sides of the corner.

Hoe to Tile a Bathroom Floors?

Next, you need to learn how to tile a bathroom floors…

Find the center point of the floor and use the chalk line to get dead straight lines from wall to wall, length and breadth (at right angles to each other) across the center point.

Now lay a ‘dummy’ line of tiles along the chalk lines, with spacers to see how best to fit the tiles in. Start laying your tiles along the chalk lines, then filling the four spaces from the center outwards, checking constantly to keep all the tiles straight and level.

Use the same method as before to cut tiles around obstacles. Allow to dry for at least 12 hours. Grout the spaces between the tiles and tidy with the grout shaper, wiping off excess grout from the tiles with a damp sponge. When this is dry, you can apply the silicon sealant between two strips of masking tape, which is peeled off once the sealant is dry to leave nice straight lines. Now you can stand back proudly and say that you know how to tile a bathroom.

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