Accessible Bathroom Design Tips to Make life Comfortable for Children, Elders, Blinds, Deaf and Handicapped People
When people have special needs they seek for an accessible bathroom design to meet their requirements. That means their certain modifications have to be made for them so that they will be more independent and comfortable in their bathrooms. It goes without saying that floors should be non-slip when wet, and mats should be rubberized underneath to prevent slipping.
Designing Bathroom for Children
Yes, your children do have special needs. Especially when they are small, they need to be able to reach the things that only adults can reach in a normal bathroom. An accessible bathroom design for them means that the toilet should be low enough for them to sit on it, or, for little boys to stand in front of it. One can, of course consider a little non-slip step-up for them if they have to share the bathroom with adults. The same goes for the bathroom sink. A little step-up may be all they need. Just be sure that the faucets, shelves or racks for toothbrushes, soap, etc are also within reach. Be even more certain that medicine chests or cupboards are way out of reach, and locked. Children should not have any electrical appliance, such as toothbrush chargers in the bathroom. If they are accidentally dropped into water while plugged in, the results could be serious.
Shower faucets should also be accessible, and both shower and bath faucets should be able to be pre-set to prevent accidental scalding. To save children from undue problems, it is better to have sensor fitted faucets. Such kind of designing is very suitable for schools where small kids study in nursery and prep classes.
Bathroom Designs for Elderly
Accessible bathroom design for the elderly means that all faucets, electrical switches, shelves and racks should be accessible. Most elderly people prefer the toilet to be a little higher than usual as they have difficulty getting up when seated in a low position. Railings fastened very securely in strategic positions are a great help. A fold up seat in the shower usually makes showering much more comfortable, but the shower head should be adjustable, and even removable, with a flexible hose. Faucets, soap dish and toiletry rack must be within reach.
Bathroom Designs for Blind
A bathroom to be used by a blind person should not have sharp jutting out corners, or things that can be knocked over. An accessible bathroom design for this person may include embossed ‘hot’ and ‘cold’ symbols on the faucets and recesses for cups, glasses and containers, so they won’t accidentally be knocked off. The most important thing is for everything to have a place and to remain in that place, so the blind person knows exactly where to find it.
Bathroom Designs for Deaf
The only extra thing a deaf person may need in accessible bathroom design is possibly a flashing light in the bathroom, with a push button outside, in case someone needs to catch the deaf person’s attention.
Missing Hand(s) or Arm(s)
An accessible bathroom design for a person with missing limbs, usually involves touch sensitive faucets and electrical switches. If the feet and toes are needed for certain procedures, usually a place to sit is necessary, appropriately lower sink, faucets, mirror, and racks for toiletries. The showerhead should be low enough for a seated person. It may be a good idea for pre-programmed water faucets to prevent scalding.
This depends very much on the degree of disability for accessible bathroom design. Generally it would mean safe, secure fixtures, and anything hazardous, such as medicines and cleaners locked securely away. It may be necessary to avoid electrical appliances in the bathroom, such as toothbrush chargers or razors. If they are dropped into water the results could be serious.
Bathroom Designs for Paraplegics
Paraplegic accessible bathroom design means that there should be no steps or hindrance for a wheelchair in and out of the bathroom, as well as plenty of room should be available to turn around. Handrails are important as well as seats in both shower and bath. All racks, faucets, electrical switches and mirrors should be within reach of a seated person
Designing Bathroom for Quadriplegic
When you are designing bathroom for a quadriplegic person accessible bathroom design you should provide similar wheelchair accessibility as well as enough room for a helper, or helpers. That means a bigger than usual shower, with a removable showerhead on a flexible hose. Extra space may be needed around the sink and the toilet, too.
Designing Bathroom for Cerebral Palsy
Accessible bathroom design for a person with cerebral palsy also depends on the degree of disability and whether a helper is needed. If not, there should be railings, no sharp corners, and possibly touch sensitive pre set faucets, electrical switches, as well as accessible racks and shelves, with containers that are set in recesses so they cannot be knocked off easily.
Bathroom Design Ideas
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